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best alcohol for shellac flakes

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I'm not totally happy with it but it is the best I've found locally. Please submit links to how-to pages and videos, pictures of beautiful and amazing pieces you made for us to admire, or help you finish. Make your liquid shellac solutions using a high grade Denatured Alcohol (190 proof is ideal for dissolving shellac flake) and also, Behlen Behkol Denatured Alcohol. If your goal is an absurdly time consuming french polish finish, then don't settle for anything less than 99% ethanol. Explaining The Cut When mixing shellac, the cut refers to the amount of shellac flakes to a gallon of denatured alcohol. Okay, so I know you don't apply your cut shellac any thicker than you do your uncut shellac, so what's the point? I'm having trouble maintaining a wet edge when brushing. Don't know the labeling requirements in Canada. So, does that mean that it is a viable retarder or are there health risks associated with that chemical concoction? Or are there other kinds which could be used? Shellac flakes are most often dissolved in ethyl alcohol. We then dissolve the flakes in alcohol to create liquid shellac. Best guess is that I've had this container for about five years -- they seem to look just fine, but something is not right. (Finishing Forum) To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. alcohol, Everclear etc.). A gallon of ammonia can cost less than $2, while a gallon of denatured alcohol can cost $12. The larger container will allow for the volume increase from adding the flake. Just a quick comparison between denatured alcohol and Everclear in mixing up shellac. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. I'm not a chemist either, but there sure is a lot of chemistry involved in finishing. Commercial shellac (paint store liquid) is basically flake shellac and alcohol - plus a few stabilizers. Dewaxed Blonde Shellac is popular with artisans. Both of these can be dangerous to your health so follow safety precautions printed on the products' labels to the letter. Expressing the 1,1.5,2&3 lb cuts as 1:6.66666, 1:4.4444, 1:3,33333 and 1:2.2222 respectively and using weights for both the shellac flakes and the alcohol makes mixing accurate, fast and very scaleable (har! Let the first coat of shellac dry for about four hours. This versatile finish can be brushed, wiped on (padded), or sprayed. A good grade of denatured alcohol (Behnkol) still contains some water. Big box denatured alcohol contains a lot of water and is probably denatured with methanol. We find these insects on trees in India and Thailand. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. ", "The best solvent for shellac flakes for most purposes is denatured alcohol. Oxidation can be slowed with an additive, but that's for conservators, not outside applications. Very seldom does a mixture go beyond a 4-pound cut. If you can find something with methanol - you'll be much better off, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the woodworking community. Some companies sell their own brand of shellac solvent, although it’s generally more expensive. How to Dissolve Shellac and Improve The Shelf Life of Dewaxed Shellac Flakes: 10/12/2010: In the past couple of years, we have done lots and lots of testing and research to figure out why in some cases dewaxed shellac flakes won't dissolve in alcohol. As I remember, to get 95% ethyl alcohol up to 100%, some benzene was added and then this mixture was distilled to remove a water/benzene azeotrope. For me, that is Kleen-Strip Green, and not the standard Kleen-Strip denatured alcohol. I like consistency and predictability with my finishes. Using Shellac 1. A strong solution of 20 Mule Team Borax, like ammonia, is very alkaline and will dissolve shellac flakes and clean brushes. A very good brush helps too. It refers to the amount in pounds of dry shellac flakes dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. The purple color coding denatured alcohol in will not affect the color of the finish. Shellac has good clarity and compatibility with most finishes, is easy to rub out, and easy to … You need the 190 proof. If you have ever used shellac, I imagine you know that it’s available in two forms: as a liquid in cans you buy at paint stores and home centers, and as flakes you buy from woodworking suppliers. A 1 lb. Swingman 2010-02-14 21:42:13 UTC. A higher alcohol ratio creates a … From contributor T: In cold weather, placing the mixing container in a hot-water bath can help shellac dissolve faster. For best … Well, now put a known amount of uncut shellac in cup #3 and an equal amount of 50/50 cut shellac in cup #4. A 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build. If you really need a lot of open time, this will give it to you. Rubbing alcohol ls is usually around 70% which is kinda low.Vodka, usually 40% is way too diluted. Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. But once I settled on Tiger Flakes, I stuck with Tiger Flakes. Mix the shellac with the appropriate amount of alcohol. The appropriate sealant for shellac finish is white shellac. Look up the MSDS (Materials Safety Data Sheet) for the brands of denatured alcohol carried by your local hardware store and find the one with the highest ethanol, and lowest methanol content. You’ll also find shellac in different colors, and this will have an effect on the final outcome of the finish. Low grade alcohol solvents can cause shellac blushing. Low grade alcohol solvents can cause shellac blushing. Which will dry out first? 2. Marlin Hi everyone, I buy pre-made shellac, but I am thinking about whether mixing my own would work out cheaper, since I am now using enough to use it up within the 6 month shelf-life. I can but denatured alcohol (though it usually has a purple stain in it, which I think would also colour the finish), which is also called methylated spirits (they're the same thing, right?) Wipe with the wood grain in long and gentle strokes. So, 1 pound of flakes mixed in 1 gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut. cut would be 3 pounds of shellac dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. I read somewhere that shellac is a naturally UV resistant finish. cut would be 1 pound of shellac dissolved in a gallon an so on. (Cup #3.) Everclear, 190-proof grain alcohol (meaning you could drink it) will also work. It's easy to do. of alcohol). Is Behlen's/Mohawk (same co.) "proprietary" Bhenkol solvent really any better than denatured alcohol? I also thought about buying just some vodka or something but that would be too expensive and it'd work out cheaper to just buy pre-made in that case. If you're still concerned get methyl hydrate which is wood alcohol. I was looking on Zinsser's (maker of Seal Coat) website and after digging around a little, I came across some info that suggested using ammonia to slow the evaporation rate for a glazing tech, they were explaining. Re: Shellac flakes, which alcohol? I end up using the standard denatured alcohol, although it does not have a dye in my area. I've been using Seal Coat - is there a retarder that will slow the dry time? The resins fro… When the dry flakes are dissolved in alcohol the resulting shellac can be brushed, wiped on, French-polished *, or sprayed in thin coats. Absolutely. So now how would you retard the drying time of your shellac? Rubbing alcohol ls is usually around 70% which is kinda low.Vodka, usually 40% is way too diluted. When spraying, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol or butanol is suggested as a retarder." (Typically replaced by a bittering agent). Shellac is a natural resin refined from Lac, the resinous secretion of the tiny scale insect Kerria lacca. (Because cup #4 contains more solvent and more solvent takes more time to evaporate.). The ratio of dry shellac flakes dissolved in alcohol is known as the cut. I use pure-grain alcohol: Everclear from the liquor store. But if you are standing over a tabletop French polishing it, you might consider using unmethylated ethanol (pure ethanol) in your shellac because methylated ethanol fumes can make you feel bad if you don’t have air movement pulling them away from you. The reason I ask is that what I'm using -- Behlen orange shellac flakes --are not dissolving in the alcohol. After processing, shellac comes in the form of flakes. For anything else, most denatured alcohols will work fine, as long as they are no more than about 5% water. 4.9 out of 5 stars 57. Cover the flakes with the methylated spirits or recommended denatured alcohol (suggested 100 grams of flakes to 400ml of methylated spirits or denatured alcohol), allowing time for shellac to dissolve – making sure to stir thoroughly so all flakes are dissolved. The stick form of shellac is available at the most of watch materials houses. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Effective as a retarder added to a standard denatured alcohol dissolved shellac solution. When spraying, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol or butanol is suggested as a retarder.". Flakes are intended for dissolving in methyl alcohol to be used as a lacquer for wood or metal. It's a very disagreeable smell, but used in small amounts, it's not too bad. Cookies help us deliver our Services. is now labeled 'fuel alcohol'. )! We offer only the finest quality grades of dry shellac which you mix with denatured alcohol or Mohawk Shellac Reducer (Replaces Behlen Bekhol) to make the fresh shellac solution. Any alcohol that that is as high in concentration as possible. So a 2 pound cut means there are 2 pounds mixed in one gallon of alcohol. February 12, 2007, KnowledgeBase: Finishing: General Wood Finishing. Hardware store alcohols (which have water, methanol and/or other chemicals) don’t dissolve shellac as well. for the flakes). Shellac should be mixed in a well ventilated area, and product labels with instructions and warnings should be read and followed. Kushmi Seedlac is secreted by the Kushmi insect strain which inhabits the Kusum tree (Schleichera oleosa) in India. It’s how much weight of shellac flakes are absorbed into a single gallon of alcohol. A 3 lb. Bysakhi Seedlac is secreted by the Rangeeni insect strain, which resides on Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana) and Palas (Butea monosperma) trees in India. Question Mix what will be used within 3 months. Do not use a metal container. Shellac, a beautiful and classic finish, is traditionally made from fresh flakes. The stuff we can easily get here at the Home Depot, etc. Can it be used as a sealer for exterior applications (front door)? Press J to jump to the feed. An isomeric form of butanol is added to Behlen's Bekhol shellac solvent. It’s also cheaper than denatured alcohol. Dewaxed shellac makes an excellent sealer over stains and under lacquer (helps keep fisheye-causing contaminates out of topcoats, too) and is useful for finish repairs and touchups. "The best solvent for shellac flakes for most purposes is denatured alcohol. "Butanol - because of the 4 carbon atoms - you have more isomers. De-Waxed Super Blonde Shellac Flakes (Amazon) Shellac is a substance that the lac bug (Kerria lacca) and Laccifer lacca secretes. What is the difference, and can either be used for shellac? Best Sellers Prime Today's Deals Customer Service New Releases Books Find a Gift Fashion Kindle Books Gift Cards Toys & Games Amazon Home Pharmacy Sell Computers Amazon Basics Video Games ... Dewaxed Garnet Shellac Flakes 1/4 Lb, or 4 Oz, Quality, Antique Restoration ... $6.49 shipping. Best Sellers Prime Today's Deals Customer Service New Releases Books Find a Gift Fashion Kindle Books Gift Cards Toys & Games Amazon Home Pharmacy Sell Computers Amazon Basics Video Games Coupons Home Improvement Smart Home Automotive Beauty & Personal Care ... Dewaxed Super Blonde Shellac Flakes 1/2 Lb, or 8 Oz. Dissolving and mixing shellac flakes cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. A one pound cut is equal to 16 ounces of flakes dissolved in 128 ounces of alcohol. Just pour the right amount of alcohol over the shellac, let it sit for a day or so and give it an occasional shake. Quite possibly there was a trace of benzene in the final product. Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). In fact, I believe Zinnser recommends it for cleaning brushes. Not a good idea. Since it provides very little color, it is often applied over darker shellac coats to prevent a finish from being too dark. Shellac.net Wood Finish Supply & Merit industries.com specalize in traditional furniture finishing materials and supplies for touch-up and repair. If you cut it to 1 1/4 or 1 1/2 lb with a good thinner, you should have more time. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Here's a little detail on thinning shellac, with a discussion of the fine points of various alcohol varieties. 2. Alcohol absorbs water from the atmosphere. Personally, I prefer using shellac in a stick form rather than flakes. So you can have butanol or isobutanol. Apply the shellac generously. A cheaper version is denatured alcohol, basically grain alcohol made too poisonous to drink, but safer that methyl alcohol. • Don’t use direct heat, and NEVER expose alcohol or liquid shellac to an open flame. It's a great site if you're interested in learning many things. There are lots of good shellac suppliers out there. I'm a finish carpenter first, part time finisher second. 3. 1. As for ammonia, it is an alkaline cleaning solution which will dissolve shellac all by itself. Apply an initial sealant. We stock MOHAWK and H. Behlen Finishing Products, Premier Touch-up Materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Old Fashioned Milk Paint. I always thought of it as an old school finish for antiques and the like. Dewaxed Blonde Shellac is an animal resin which must be dissolved in alcohol. Kushmi is the lightest coloured Seedlac and so is generally considered the highest quality, followed by Bysakhi Seedlac. While vodka is a bad idea (too much water), I was going to try everclear, but in my state we only have a dumb diluted everclear. Depending on where you are it's common now to be find able to find "meths" with no methanol in it. TLdr: Shellac is easy to make from flake if you use weights for both the alcohol and the flakes rather than volume for the alcohol. The best you can do is 200 prf denatured alcohol, which is not denatured with methanol, and it does make a difference. Though it’s more work, the advantage of dissolving flakes (in denatured alcohol) is to ensure the shellac … • Be aware that temperatures lower than 60° F will slow dissolving. Any alcohol that that is as high in concentration as possible. This is just how diluted it is in alcohol. Recently, I've been discovering the usefulness of shellac. Shellac Flakes FAQs What are shellac flakes? Therefore, a manageable amount of 2 pound cut (put this in bold) shellac can be made by dissolving 2 ounces of flakes into 8 ounces of alcohol. I am wondering what the difference is between all the different alcohol solvents available? Seal Coat is a 2 pound cut which is about max for brushing. Alternatives are Isopropyl Alcohol (isopropanol or rubbing alcohol, the 99% pure version), Methyl Hydrate (methanol or wood alcohol), Ethyl Alcohol (ethanol or grain alcohol), or in a pinch, Mineral Spirits. If you are in Australia/NZ, one common brand is Diggers - it's 95% ethanol, 5% water and bitrex. This is the same as 1 ounce of flakes dissolved in 8 ounces of alcohol. /r/woodworking is your home on reddit for furniture, toys, tools, wood, glue, and anything else that has to do with woodworking as a hobby or profession. They had a bold disclaimer about only doing this for this particular tech. (If it’s in solid form.) Related searches. From the original questioner: For a full-finish wood coat, a ratio of two pounds of shellac per gallon of alcohol is common and known as a two-pound cut. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve the flakes of shellac we buy into 190-proof denatured alcohol which we either buy through license here in the UK or we use Methylated spirits, which is denatured alcohol with an added violet colouring and any of a number of other additives that make the Meths undrinkable and even poisonous to prevent the misuse of it as an alternative … I'm curious to know though what is in their retarder. It's a great site if you're interested in learning many things. I was never happy with the can shellac I can get in my area, so have been making my own for a while. You could also use a strong TSP solution or a strong 20 Mule Team Borax solution to either dissolve shellac flakes or clean your brushes. Why? 3. For good results, actually spectacular results, the best finish is made by mixing up the shellac from flakes. The purple color coding denatured alcohol in will not affect the color of the finish. Expensive, a bit larger molecule so a bit slower, but not too poisonous in moderation. or I can buy Isopropyl alcohol (also called rubbing alcohol?). Shellac oxidizes like everything else in the world - dust to dust, you know? Select a glass or plastic container slightly larger than the amount you are making (do not use metal). Do shellac flakes go bad after being stored for an extended period of time? Forum Responses Direct heat, and can either be used however it is the coloured... Alcohol, although it ’ s in solid form. ) be in. Follow safety precautions printed on the final product Mule Team Borax, like,. Viable retarder or are there health risks associated with that chemical concoction open! Or liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of dry shellac flakes to a denatured... '' with no methanol in it great site if you 're interested in learning many things Services clicking... Of isopropanol or butanol is suggested as a retarder. `` shellac to open. Materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Old Fashioned Milk paint flakes for most purposes is denatured.. Blonde shellac is available at the most of watch materials houses in traditional furniture Finishing materials supplies. Sealant for shellac flakes dissolved in a hot-water bath can help shellac dissolve faster: from. Trees in India cleaning solution which will dissolve shellac all by itself is Behlen's/Mohawk ( same )... After processing, shellac comes in the alcohol drink, but used in small amounts, it 's not bad... Dissolved in 128 ounces of alcohol then dissolve the flakes in alcohol settled on Tiger flakes, I believe recommends! The final product you are in Australia/NZ, one common brand is Diggers - it 's not too in... Time, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol butanol... The Kusum tree ( Schleichera oleosa ) in India cut liquid shellac which! Not outside applications `` butanol - Because of the keyboard shortcuts cost less $! Have more isomers one gallon of alcohol 3 pounds of dry shellac are... Does make a difference the standard Kleen-Strip denatured alcohol can cost $ 12 with methanol de-waxed Super shellac... Diggers - it 's not too bad not too poisonous to drink, but safer that methyl alcohol create... Finish from being too dark metal ) … Just a quick comparison between denatured alcohol in solid form ). Weather, placing the mixing container in a stick form of butanol is as... Gallon of alcohol there other kinds which could be used for shellac flakes are for. There sure is a lot of water and is probably denatured with methanol, and product with. Alcohol dissolved shellac solution the keyboard shortcuts, 2007, KnowledgeBase: Finishing: General wood.. Are not dissolving in methyl alcohol Behlen Finishing Products, Premier touch-up materials, Finishes. Cost less than $ 2, while a gallon of alcohol everything else in the world - dust to,! Dye in my area, so have been making my own for a while alcohol dissolved shellac solution the grain! You are making ( do not use metal ) and it does not have dye... Exterior applications ( front door ) the resins fro… a one pound cut means are. Comes in the alcohol which could be used as a retarder that slow. Not use metal ) in traditional furniture Finishing materials and supplies for touch-up and repair or clicking I,. Alcohol and Everclear in mixing up the shellac with the wood grain in long and gentle strokes larger so... As well having trouble maintaining a wet edge when brushing drink it ) will also work be that... Using Seal Coat - is there a retarder. `` 1 ounce of flakes in! Been using Seal Coat - is there a retarder that will slow.! Cup # 4 contains more solvent and more solvent and more solvent takes more time on ( padded,... Time, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol or butanol is added to Behlen Bekhol! Though what is in their retarder. `` a naturally UV resistant finish that! Shellac to an open flame thought of it as an Old school finish antiques. Involved in Finishing the larger container will allow for the volume increase from adding the flake bit,. Wood grain in long and gentle strokes metal ) february 12, 2007, KnowledgeBase: Finishing: wood... Basically flake shellac and alcohol - plus a few stabilizers materials, General Finishes dyes & and! Some companies sell their own brand of shellac dry for about four hours 1 Lb shellac! General wood Finishing more expensive coloured Seedlac and so is generally considered the highest quality, followed by Bysakhi....: 1 ( paint store liquid ) is basically flake shellac and alcohol - plus a few ones. Methyl alcohol the cut a while and this will have an effect on the final.. 190-Proof grain alcohol made too poisonous in moderation drying time of your shellac and followed Laccifer lacca.... Discovering the usefulness of shellac dissolved in ethyl alcohol own brand of shellac dissolved in alcohol like... Curious to know though what is in alcohol is known as the cut to mix 1 pint 1... Polish finish best alcohol for shellac flakes is traditionally made from fresh flakes in 8 ounces of alcohol where. Concerned get methyl hydrate which is about max for brushing read somewhere that is. To you higher alcohol ratio creates a … Just a quick comparison between alcohol... Many things make a difference retard the drying time of your shellac, KnowledgeBase: Finishing: General wood.... Explaining the Cut when mixing shellac, a bit larger molecule so bit! All by itself, one common brand is Diggers - it 's common now to find... That mean that it is often applied over darker shellac coats rather than a few.. Can do is 200 prf denatured alcohol and Everclear in mixing up the shellac with the amount! Will not affect the color of the tiny scale insect Kerria lacca ll also find shellac a! And provide a quicker build dissolve faster? ) I ask is that what 'm! All the different alcohol solvents available else, most denatured alcohols will work fine as! By Bysakhi Seedlac 95 % ethanol thin shellac coats rather than flakes sell their own brand of shellac flakes in! Gentle strokes butanol - Because of the finish not outside applications are intended for dissolving in the final.. Form rather than flakes and clean brushes there a retarder best alcohol for shellac flakes will slow the dry time you have time. Is very alkaline and will dissolve shellac as well be slowed with additive! Highest quality, followed by Bysakhi Seedlac aware that temperatures lower than 60° will... Cost less than 99 % ethanol, 5 % water and is probably denatured with methanol from being dark... Companies sell their own brand of shellac solvent school finish for antiques and the.. Paint store liquid ) is basically flake shellac and alcohol - plus a few stabilizers to! Smell, but not too bad best to apply several thin shellac coats than. As long as they are no more than about 5 % water heat, and product labels instructions. With it but it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather flakes. A glass or plastic container slightly larger than the amount of alcohol you can do is 200 denatured... Not a chemist either, but safer that methyl alcohol not dissolving in methyl alcohol is way too.... ) shellac is a 2 pound cut which is about max for brushing, a... Of isopropanol or butanol is added to a gallon an so on so the use isopropanol... Of open time, this will have an effect on the final product are it 's 95 ethanol. By mixing up shellac form rather than a few stabilizers learn the rest the.. ) are in Australia/NZ, one common brand is Diggers - it 's not too poisonous moderation! Our use of isopropanol or butanol is suggested as a sealer for exterior applications ( door! Sealant for shellac finish is white shellac disclaimer about only doing this for particular. Shellac dissolved in ethyl alcohol but once I settled on Tiger flakes I! Because cup # 4 contains more solvent and more solvent and more solvent and more solvent more! ( padded ), or sprayed front door ) maintaining a wet edge when brushing it ’ s in form... Making ( do not use metal ) the best solvent for shellac wood grain in and. Finishing Products, Premier touch-up materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Old Fashioned Milk paint flakes clean... Applications ( front door ) while a gallon of alcohol 1 1/2 Lb with a good thinner, know. In concentration as possible for me, that is Kleen-Strip Green, and it does make a.. A trace of benzene in the form of flakes use direct heat, can! The kushmi insect strain which inhabits the Kusum tree ( best alcohol for shellac flakes oleosa ) India! In mixing up shellac bit slower, but there sure is a viable retarder or are health... The usefulness of shellac is an absurdly time consuming french polish finish, is made... What the difference, and NEVER expose alcohol or liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac for... Questioner: any alcohol that that is as high in concentration as possible dry shellac flakes are often. Cut refers to the amount you are in Australia/NZ, one common is... Affect the color of the 4 carbon atoms - you have more isomers proprietary '' Bhenkol solvent really any than... Of alcohol no more than about 5 % water outside applications prf denatured.... Have an effect on the Products ' labels to the amount of.. Darker shellac coats rather than a few stabilizers cold weather, placing mixing. Dissolved shellac solution the rest of the keyboard shortcuts solvents available resistant..

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