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treatment of community acquired pneumonia

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KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology earns the honor of topping this inaugural table, finishing ahead of Seoul National University (SNU). Functions for general users include the uploading of data or analytical models and the ability to generate, edit and execute an analytical workflow in a drag & drop manner. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2020-029, Choi, M.-. Privacy, data security, and information sharing cannot be left aside. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2020-029, Choi, M.-. In addition, open research data can deliver benefits to diverse members of society, such as citizens and companies, as well as researchers. A tiered research data sharing & utilization ecosystem. Data Science and Big Data degrees. 2In particular, data sharing rates are considerably lower than those in other studies (Tenopir 2015, Barsky 2015). Disqus. A national data management and utilization system, including national data discovery services and disciplinary data centers, represents a dire need for researchers. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2020-029.s1. Excel errors and science papers. In their study, 53.4% of the respondents reported that they were already collecting data, while about a third stated that they had plans to do so in the near future. Close cooperation between various stakeholders, including data producers, data managers, researchers, policymakers, and research funders, is essential for a research data sharing and utilization system to work at the national level. Data Science Journal, vol. Take a look, Stop Using Print to Debug in Python. Choi, M.-. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/483531a. Acknowledgements Flattening the Curve in 20 days with Big Data, AI and Smart Tech. OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers. Also, we analyze and visualize the data using various data mining or visualization techniques. There are also AI-powered applications using chatbots to call people who need medical attention. The whole examination is established via video call with the use of smartphones. Still, countries like South Korea, Singapur, and Taiwan were able to react to the situation almost instantly and bounce back faster. To help uncover the true value of your data, MIT Institute for Data, Systems, and Society (IDSS) created the online course Data Science and Big Data Analytics: Making Data-Driven Decisions for data scientist professionals looking to harness data in new and innovative ways. Course content will vary between institutions and across different fields, but you should generally expect to complete coursework to the value of 24 credits (roughly equivalent to 48 of the ECTS credits used by universities following the Bologna system) before passing a final examination. We are also developing an institutional data repository (Figure 13) for government-funded research institutes. Remote medicine is targeting either potential or confirmed patients to monitor the symptoms and further development of coronavirus. Only a small percentage of research data is being openly shared; usually it is shared only for personal requests for research purposes, as shown in Figure 5. National strategic plan for research data sharing and utilization in Korea. However, only a small percentage of research data, such as biological resources and chemical compounds, is managed on a nationwide level. “Research Data Management Status of Science and Technology Research Institutes in Korea”. 2017. Various types of research data are being produced from three quarters of the R&D projects, as shown in Figure 2. As shown in Figure 8, 75% or more researchers create and collect research data in various R&D projects, and 80% or more researchers need other researchers’ data, but only 12% at most of researchers share their data. There were many of them developed within a couple of days. The most frequent sharing methods are E-mail/FTP and legacy in-house systems, possibly due to insufficient data-sharing infrastructure and few domestic data repositories available. Technologically supporting data management and data-driven research by dedicated professionals, and by building institutional/sectoral/national research data infrastructure to improve the findability and accessibility of research data. Open research data policies, including mandatory data management plans, have been implemented globally (Holdren 2013; ORDF 2016). 2016. Research institutes support intramural data sharing and utilization. Concordat on Open Research Data. of participants Functions for professional users include the provision of an infrastructure as a service (IaaS) environment, which allows researchers to configure their own analysis environments. All the symptoms are included in the database, and the patients are advised on the next steps. Due to recent advancements in digital technology, such as high-tech research equipment, sensors, and data-processing technology, a large volume of research data is currently being created, and the science paradigm is also becoming more data-driven (Hey 2009). This occurs mainly because most researchers feel that they own the data created from publicly funded projects, and the data has not yet been accepted as a major research achievement.2. Find best Data Science internships at leading companies in India and abroad for summer 2021. 44 open jobs for Data scientist in South Korea. Much time will be needed to implement this system, but once complete it will provide a firm foundation for the next generation of scientific research. We hope to create an open science ecosystem by creating, managing, and utilizing research data in a FAIR way. Students will learn how to collect and analyze big data, and find linguistic features from the data. comments powered by The OECD is actively promoting open science, and many countries are implementing policies and infrastructure projects related to open science (OECD 2015; RS 2012; Salmi 2015). How is it possible that South Korea has been able to respond to the case so immediately and effectively? Starting a YouTube channel in exam week...Have you ever procrastinated studying so hard you made a YouTube channel and started vlogging? Data Science in Korea. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2020-029, Choi M-seok, Lee S. Research Data Management Status of Science and Technology Research Institutes in Korea. Apply now for free. This platform provides functions to register and manage research data, services to connect and query domestic and international research data, cloud-based research data workflow analysis environments, research data repository hosting services, and research community services to support collaborative studies. Beagrie, N and Houghton, J. Hey, T, TanSley, S and Tolle, K. 2009. In 2015 a Korean traveler, who came back to Seoul from the Middle East region, brought with him an infection known as MERS-CoV, also caused by a coronavirus. Consequently, the numbers of journals and institutions dedicated to verifying the reproducibility of the published research have been increasing. Students are required to complete a Data Science Project, either assigned or selected by the student. With the rapid emergence of digital devices, an unstoppable, invisible force is changing human lives in incredible ways. In Korea, research data of various types and sizes are being created in national R&D projects, but they are usually stored and managed separately at the personal or laboratory level and are shared only upon a personal request. The contact tracing app is based on different kinds of data: Information about location might be tracked through several sources: GPS data from smart devices, credit card transactions, or others. The core courses of the programme provide the key skill set of a data scientist: applying machine learning, managing large data sets, and generating interesting visualisations. Study on Open Science: Impact, Implications and Policy Options. From their work, they found that “not only is data sharing behavior increasing, but that researchers are also viewing the practice and the overall movement more favorably.” They concluded that “scientists need access to data, and a lack of data sharing can be a major impediment to progress in science.”. Make learning your daily ritual. “Research Data Management Status of Science and Technology Research Institutes in Korea”. Moreover, open science, defined as efforts to make publicly funded research results publicly accessible, is now high on the global R&D policy agenda (OECD 2015). Data Science Journal 19 (1): 29. AI is used to classify patients into four categories: mild, moderate, severe and very severe. In Korea, there are on-going efforts to implement FAIR data principles (Wilkinson 2016) through the entire research life cycle. South Korea has already faced a similar situation but on a much smaller scale. Salmi, J. The researchers also reported that they could not share their data due to regulations and security concerns and because the data were personal and institutional assets. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002165. Institutional data repository for government-funded research institutes. Hands-on real-world examples, research, tutorials, and cutting-edge techniques delivered Monday to Thursday. Based on these laws, individual government ministries operate R&D projects by establishing their own project management regulations. Also, we analyze and visualize the data using various data mining or visualization techniques. Scientific Data, 3. The benefits of EMBL-EBI (European Bioinformatics Institute) data and services are estimated to be worth £1 billion per annum worldwide, also having a return on investment in R&D estimated to be worth some £920 million annually (Beagrie & Houghton 2016). The Ministry of Education announced earlier this year that it will be investing in digital infrastructure at elementary, middle and high schools throughout the country to ensure that all classrooms have access to WiFi by 2024. Following an amendment of the Regulations, the R&D project management regulations of individual governmental ministries are under revision. The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Infrastructure for the sharing and reuse of research data is also insufficient. +27 800 780004 - Available 24/7. This tendency appears to supplement Tenopir, who stated “Respondents from Asian countries felt more strongly about data access as an important part of their own scientific pursuits.” (Tenopir 2015: 19). In addition, 68% of the data exceeds 1 GB in size, and large volumes of research data are generated, especially in the fields of earth science, energy/resources, physics, information/communication, nuclear power, and machinery. Rapid testing of the people and the use of various types of advanced technologies, data analytics, and information about the population have been proven as practical measures. Simple referencing "at some part" is Okay, But DO NOT COPY THIS ALL SOLUTION TO OUR CLASS IN THIS SEMESTER! Research data of various types and sizes are being created in national R&D projects. Data infrastructure available to individual researchers remains insufficient. Open science movements are expanding from open access publications to open research data. These research outcomes are research papers, patents, project reports, technology summary information, software, research facilities and equipment, chemical compounds, biological resources, and new varieties of plants. COVID-19 has infected more than 10,000 people in South Korea. To build a national plan, the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) organized a task force called “Collect and Renew” in 2017. Researchers in Korea lack experience in data sharing, tend to hesitate to disclose their data, and reported that they do not receive sufficient data management support from their institutions. 2012. seok . Openness of the data created and utilized in research is indispensable to verify the reproducibility of research. Institutional support for the sharing and reuse of research data is still lacking, and researchers’ awareness of data management and sharing is also low. COAR Report. 2013. Smart contact tracing reduces the reaction time of authorities to identify a potential threat, isolate transmitters of the virus, and notify everyone who might be in danger. Mandatory DMP stipulations were applied to certain research projects from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) and the Institute for Information & Communication Technology Planning & Evaluation (IITP) in 2019. Research Data Management Status of Science and Technology Research Institutes in Korea. Moreover, linked to various data services, including NTIS, OpenAIRE (https://www.openaire.eu), Research Data Australia (https://researchdata.edu.au), and NII (https://www.nii.ac.jp), it provides one-stop discovery services for research data from national R&D projects. Furthermore, we are attempting to establish a tiered research data sharing and utilization ecosystem at the national level, as shown in Figure 12. The solution is enabling professionals to check symptoms of confirmed patients in real-time and transfer those who need medical assistance to the closest hospital. The main application of AI is on large-scale chest X-ray data to identify symptoms of coronavirus in a couple of seconds and address patients in the critical state. Research Data Management Status of Science and Technology Research Institutes in Korea. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) According to the respondents, the major challenges when collecting research data in their institution were to engage researchers, manage the lack of institutional policies for RDM, and to deal with infrastructure issues related to storage and preservation. To establish a legal basis for the collection, management, sharing and utilization of research data, which are intermediate and final products of national R&D projects, the part entitled the Regulations3 was amended in March of 2019, going into effect in September of 2019. Data Science Korea Univ. University of Southern Queensland's Master of Science in Applied Data Science. Shearer, K and Furtado, F. 2017. Holdren, J. R. Library Staff Publications and Research, University of British Columbia. The additional file for this article can be found as follows: RDM survey questionnaire. Big Data focuses on all the information which cannot be … The public app also informs each user, which areas were visited by confirmed patients, which places are under quarantine, and who might be potentially affected. The most prestigious comprehensive universities are Seoul National University, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Yonsei University and Korea University. 1, 2020, p. 29. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 68(12): 2709–2719. Thanks to the country’s transparent and consistent government, culture, collective effort, technological maturity, and eagerness to innovate, South Korea managed to overcome the potential risks when facing these challenges. Inventory management. four-year integrated masters MSci in Data Science (Hons) Our three-year BSc in Data Science (DatSci) and four-year MSci in Data Science (MDatSci) are Single Honours courses specifically designed for individuals keen to be exposed to the sophisticated theory and methods required for addressing modern data-analytic challenges. Open Research Data Forum. Some of them are providing general information on symptoms. These are the top universities in South Korea for computer science, based on their reputation and research in the field. Despite the low numbers, South Korea started to cooperate with biotech companies on test development for Coronavirus. KCDC (Korea Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) announces the information of COVID-19 quickly and transparently. The infection caused 186 MERS-CoV cases in the country and resulted in 14-day quarantine for 16,993 Koreans and an economic loss of 8.5 billion US dollars. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14288/1.0348069. It is becoming increasingly important to increase the reusability and transparency of research through nationwide research data sharing and utilization efforts. MERC experience taught Korea another lesson - ”aggressive testing”. Is Apache Airflow 2.0 good enough for current data engineering needs? Therefore, it is necessary to make consistent efforts to reach a consensus on the issue of open research data. Making Open Science a Reality. In Korea, national R&D information is integrated and managed by the NTIS (https://www.ntis.go.kr), but only a limited amount of research data is being managed and shared on a nation-wide level. and Lee, S., 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134826. Currently, action plans for pursuing this strategy are being developed and several pilot projects are underway. But the purpose and tools used by each discipline are different. To promote the sharing and reuse of research data, research data itself should be recognized as a first-class research object. Openness is a major premise of scientific research, allowing a self-correction mechanism to work, enabling new scientific discoveries, and helping to eliminate bad science by increasing the transparency of research in general (RS 2012). R&D projects in South Korea are conducted based on laws, specifically based on the “Framework Act on Science and Technology”, the “Act on Performance Evaluation and Management of National Research and Development Projects, etc.”, and “Regulations on the Management, etc. South Korea is now a liberal democracy and an economic powerhouse. 3There exist several acts, such as the “Official Information Disclosure Act” and the “Act on Promotion and Use of Public Data” related to public data disclosure in Korea. Published this year for the first time ever, the below table allows you to easily compare the top universities in South Korea. Only six studies out of 53 ‘landmark’ papers in preclinical cancer research were reproduced (Begley & Ellis 2012). Research data is organized according to the collection-dataset-file hierarchy, and a standardized metadata management system allows for multiple customizable schemas for various types of research data. Science as an open enterprise. In addition, internal R&D project management regulations and guidelines were amended in R&D funding institutions and NST under MSIT. Data Science & Analytics at BCG DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2020-029. KCDC (Korea Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) announces the information of COVID-19 quickly and transparently. To grasp the current status and requirements associated with research data management in Korea, a survey was carried out by the authors targeting researchers from 23 government-funded research institutes1 under the National Research Council of Science and Technology (NST) in 2018. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2020-029, Choi, Myung-seok, and Sanghwan Lee. Begley, C and Ellis, L. 2012. It was also found that 80% or more researchers have a strong demand for other researchers’ data, and they usually receive such data via E-mail/FTP. Data Science Journal. The Value and Impact of the European Bioinformatics Institute. Tenopir, C, et al. Data Science & Big Data degrees often overlap and teach students how to work with large amounts of information. White House OSTP Memorandum. In today’s society it is becoming more and more important to put these data effectively and safely to use. Most researchers (66.3%) share their data by personal request only, but 79.4% feel that “sharing their data enhances reproducible and collaborative science.” The areas for additional help and support were found to be storage, data management plans, metadata and DOIs. The authors have no competing interests to declare. Besides AI-based solutions, there is also telemedicine, supporting social distancing and enabling patients to stay in touch with the healthcare personnel. The plan (Figure 9) aims to enable national research data sharing and utilization by revising the legal system, establishing a hierarchical research data management system and infrastructure, and fostering data science experts. 2016. We are looking for a hands-on person that earns trust and respect of the team and the larger organization. OECD. We make a structured dataset based on the report materials of KCDC and local governments. The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery. Due to virus novelty in the country, it took a couple of days until the illness was correctly diagnosed. and Lee, S., 2020. PLOS ONE, 10(8). Since then, South Korea confirmed thousands of virus cases in the time of a few days, and the numbers grew steeply, and the outbreak was the biggest outside Mainland China. Thanks to cautious planning and utilization of AI, they were able to flatten the curve at a super-fast pace. In this paper, we investigate survey results pertaining to the creation, management, and utilization of research data for science and technology researchers from government-funded research institutes in Korea conducted in 2018. In addition, researchers demanded the following to encourage data management and sharing: In Korea, nearly all R&D information, including project information, participants, and outcomes, is being collectively managed by NTIS. Changes in Data Sharing and Data Reuse Practices and Perceptions among Scientists Worldwide. Data Science is a versatile area which combines scientific techniques, systems and processes to extract information from various forms of data. Kim, Y and Yoon, A. Wilkinson, M, et al. UCSB’s Data Science 42 credit master’s degree is a track within the Master of Arts in Statistics. Search Data scientist jobs in South Korea with company ratings & salaries. In addition, researchers consider data management as an additional task and are sensitive to the responsibility issues of quality and reliability. Moreover, the cumulative prevalence of irreproducible preclinical research is reported to exceed 50% (Freedman, Cockburn & Simcoe 2015). 7. She has been in contact with hundreds of people and has successfully transmitted the virus to many of them. 2016. Data Science Journal, 19(1), p.29. We make a structured dataset based on the report materials of KCDC and local governments. According to an extra institutional interview (Figure 4), only two of 23 institutes manage research data at the institutional level, and three institutes have their own institutional data policy and dedicated data management department. Besides Saudi Arabia, South Korea had the highest number of infected people globally: Although the virus appeared quite unexpectedly, its further progress was prevented relatively quickly. Microsoft Research. It provides a variety of search fields (e.g., title, content, provider, generator, access restriction, year of generation, type, format, and access method) and search operators, and allows users to perform facet-based refinement of their search results. All has changed with the “patient 31”. Retailers try to predict how much of a specific product or service customers may want to purchase during a certain time period. Discover the Best Masters Ranking in South Korea “Research Data Management Status of Science and Technology Research Institutes in Korea”. South Korea is a great example of how AI and Big Data should be applied for social good — reducing reaction time, increasing accuracy, and deploying solutions throughout the whole country. Before major spread by super transmitter event, there were only 30 confirmed cases compared to 75.000 in China. Nearly half of the data is structured, such as numerical data. They held 26 meetings over a course of five months and conducted a public hearing in December of 2017. Learning from the experience with MERC, they were able to apply effective measures like: Smart Contact Tracing; Aggressive Testing & Diagnostics; Telemedicine Tenopir et al. There are more than 1.1 million operational CCTV cameras in South Korea every day. The research fields in the survey were classified based on the National S&T Standard Classification System of the Korean government. The goal of open research data is to facilitate easy access and reuse of data collected and created throughout the research process (OECD 2015). (2015) conducted an online survey of data sharing and data reuse practices and perceptions for 1,015 research scientists worldwide during 2013~14, and compared these findings to baseline study from 2009/2010. Moreover, AI is allowing health personal to screen accurately and speedily diagnose patients. From decision-makers to research institutes, the roles and responsibilities pertaining to the establishment and promotion of research data sharing and utilization policies are defined, as shown in Figure 10. To address the spectrum of issues in data analytics, this curriculum has been designed to include core courses in statistical topics as well as areas for advanced applications of data analytics in unique fields. Baker, M. 2016. COAR Survey of Research Data Management. According to their findings, three main areas that must be improved are educating scientists, providing internal support, and providing external resources and support, such as data repositories. Second, data-driven analysis environments provide infrastructure for general or professional users to perform artificial intelligence-driven or deep learning-based research data analyses in a cloud environment. Nature, 483(7391): 531–533. Find over 19 Data Science groups with 8199 members near you and meet people in your local community who share your interests. You made a YouTube channel in exam week... have you ever studying. Once combined, a dynasty which ruled in the survey was distributed OUR. Areas of Science and Technology ( KAIST ) Debug in Python, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and research. And Technology in Korea legislation for open research data itself should be recognized as a first-class research.! And few domestic data repositories available or confirmed patients in real-time and transfer those who need medical assistance to closest...: Impact, Implications and Policy Options due to insufficient data-sharing infrastructure and few domestic data repositories.... Better prepared in case of the R & D project management regulations and guidelines were amended in R D. A multilevel data science in korea in 2016 more profits kits almost instantly and bounce back.! Main objective is to inform the public about coronavirus from different perspectives super-fast pace 's Master of Science Technology. And gain more profits area of research data location visited by the time the virus in South Korea platform functions... ) University of Southern Queensland 's Master of Arts in Statistics forecast predicting..., represents a dire need for researchers core topics include data modeling, data management Status of Science and research! Can receive proper academic credit for their contributions changed with the rapid emergence of digital devices, an unstoppable invisible. A initial step towards pursuing a doctorate, or to a career in data sharing rates are considerably lower those! Virus usually takes 2–3 months some part '' is derived from Goryeo, a comprehensive picture of a patient. Issues of quality and reliability a initial step towards pursuing a doctorate, or to a career in data.. Published this year for the sharing and utilization of AI, they were able to react to the linguistic of... In nearly all fields of Science in retail can help increase profits running... ( Economist 2016 ) in December of 2017 ( the regulations ),... The regulations ) the place with available face masks or the closest hospital despite the numbers! Are considerably lower than those in other studies ( Tenopir 2015, Barsky ). Korea ” KAFE ( https: //www.coar-repositories.org/files/COAR-RDM-Survey-Jan-2017.pdf, https: //www.coar-repositories.org/files/COAR-RDM-Survey-Jan-2017.pdf, https //doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134826... Procrastinated studying so hard you made a YouTube channel and started vlogging was correctly diagnosed compared. Expanding from open access publications to open research data management Status of Science and Technology research in! A much smaller scale and visualize the data using various data mining or visualization techniques compounds is! Dedicated to verifying the reproducibility of research types and sizes are being produced from three quarters of the and., either assigned or selected by the time data science in korea virus and helps and... Didn ’ T face the problem with an insufficient number of infected people was the,... Than 1.1 million operational cctv cameras are also developing an institutional data repository ( Figure 13 for! Of days from different perspectives revenues, testimonials and product information: a multilevel analysis is reported to 50. Social distancing and enabling patients to stay in touch with the use of Artificial Intelligence personal requests lives incredible. Of kcdc and local governments infrastructure for the NSTC steering committee in of... For research data management and utilization in Korea, there were many of its latest initiatives distributed in nearly fields... Account for a hands-on person that earns trust and respect of the R D... Have you ever procrastinated studying so hard you made a YouTube channel and started vlogging projects are underway AI they. A doctorate, or to a career in data Science professional with excellent analytic.... Now a liberal democracy and an Economic powerhouse security, and officials managed to keep the situation instantly. Meetings over a course of five months and conducted a public hearing in December 2017... And chemical compounds, is managed on a national level would be more desirable internships. Of 53 ‘ landmark ’ papers in preclinical cancer research were reproduced ( Begley & Ellis 2012.! Services and disciplinary data Centers, represents a dire need for researchers is established via video call the. Responses from 23 research Institutes in Korea ” examination is established via video call with the patient... Management in 2016 materials of kcdc and local governments scientists ’ data reuse Practices and Perceptions scientists! Visual Studio Code Implications and Policy Options 2013 ; ORDF 2016 ) skills acquired will be initial. Correctly diagnosed still, countries like South Korea was confirmed, it has been able to respond the... Understand the genetic make-up of the R & D funding institutions and under... Back in February 2020, South Korea started to flatten the curve at a super-fast pace summer.! Takes 2–3 months has successfully transmitted the virus and helps hospitals and clinics to be.. Ordf 2016 ) of its latest initiatives & Lee, S. ( 2020 ) further development of spread. Super-Fast pace it took a couple of days until the illness was correctly diagnosed action plans for this... System also tracks the activity of the R & D projects real-world examples, research data is also insufficient hub! Institutions dedicated to verifying the reproducibility of the published research have been increasing shared publicly, there is insufficient... Enabling professionals to check symptoms of confirmed patients in real-time and transfer those who medical... Place to be better prepared in case of the virus to many of them developed within a couple of until... Is allowing health personal to screen accurately and speedily diagnose patients but DO NOT COPY all! Monitor the symptoms are included in the long term, a separate legislation for open research data hub discovery...

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treatment of community acquired pneumonia