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viola desmond pardon

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We must learn from our history so we do not repeat it. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Desmond's sister Wanda Robson was present during the respective ceremony and stated she was "numb with joy" at the prospect of her sister receiving what she deserved. Civil rights pioneer, Viola Desmond, was a Black-Canadian businesswoman who was jailed and fined in 1946 for refusing to give up her seat in the whytes-only section of a Canadian movie theatre. Viola Desmond’s legacy a light that shines on other trailblazers. Historic Collection/Alamy (1914–65). The $10 Canadian vertical bill. Premier Darrell Dexter said he is sorry to Ms. Desmond's family, and all black Nova Scotians, for the racism she was subjected to in an incident he called unjust. She was convicted of tax evasion, ordered to pay a $20.00 fine and $6.00 in "costs" to the theatre … Thank you for educating us and shedding light on why her family objested to the posthumous pardon. Last spring, when she received an honorary doctorate from Dalhousie University, Ms. Francis said she was still a … "On behalf of the province of Nova Scotia, I am sorry.". Click here to subscribe. A free pardon is based on innocence and recognizes that a conviction was in error. In the 21st century, there have been many initiatives in Nova Scotia to address past harms done to Black Nova Scotians such as the Africville Apology, the Viola Desmond Pardon and the restorative justice initiative for the Nova Scotia Home for Colored Premier Darrell Dexter stated, "This is a historic day for us to recognize the courageous act of Viola Desmond." The government of Nova Scotia apologized and granted a special pardon to Robson's sister, the late Viola Desmond, a black woman jailed in 1946 for sitting in … 64 years later, in April 2010, the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia invoked the ‘Royal Prerogative’ to posthumously pardon Viola Desmond, granting her full remedy and accepting that the conviction was an error. 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Desmond remained guilty of defrauding the government of 1 cent until April 15, 2010 when she was granted a posthumous pardon. It opened in the fall of 2019. “This legislation, I think, is the real legacy of Viola Desmond,” says Reynolds, author of ... when Desmond was granted a free pardon and issued an official apology. If you are looking to give feedback on our new site, please send it along to, To view this site properly, enable cookies in your browser. Nova Scotia apologizes, pardons Canadian civil rights … We aim to have all comments reviewed in a timely manner. Viola Desmond will be featured on the Canadian 10-dollar bill beginning circulation in late 2018. The Viola Desmond pardon "marked the first time in Canada such a form of clemency has been posthumously awarded." “The province has granted an official apology and free pardon to the late Viola Desmond. The government of Nova Scotia apologized for prosecuting Desmond for tax evasion and said she had rightfully resisted racial discrimination. We hope to have this fixed soon. Charm says: February 25, 2013 at 10:44 pm Thanx This really helped me out with my project. Ms. Robson's sister Viola Desmond was posthumously pardoned for her 1946 arrest. Late Viola Desmond Granted Apology, Free Pardon | novascotia.ca. In the morning, Viola Desmond was brought to court and charged with attempting to defraud the provincial government based on her alleged refusal to pay a one cent amusement tax (i.e., the difference in tax between upstairs and downstairs ticket prices). On April 15, 2010, Desmond was granted a free pardon by Nova Scotia Lieut. Translations in context of "free pardon" in English-French from Reverso Context: C-46, to grant a free pardon to David Milgaard. It was not until 2010, that Viola Desmond received her due when The Honorable Mayann Francis, Lieutenant Governor for the Province of NS granted her a posthumous pardon declaring her … Viola Desmond was born in 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. “This is a historic day for the province of Nova Scotia and a chance for us to finally right the wrong fone to Mrs. Desmond and her family. Becoming the New Face of the $10 Bill . Shortly after, Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis granted a free pardon to Desmond in what the Nova Scotia government said marked the first time in Canada such a form of clemency has been posthumously awarded. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. She thought she was buying a ticket for the lower level but was sold a ticket for the balcony, where Blacks could sit. This article was published more than 10 years ago. ... Nova Scotia apologised to Desmond and issued a posthumous pardon, … Premier Dexter says Viola Desmond's actions should be revered, because it took a strong person to stand up and do the right thing. Viola Desmond, now deceased, had attended a movie in 1946 in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia while waiting for her car to be repaired. Desmond, with the support of the local NAACP, appealed her conviction, which included a $20 fine and 30 days in jail. Nova Scotia Premier Darrell Dexter greets Wanda Robson in New Glasgow, N.S., on Thursday, April 15. ( Log Out /  Remembering Viola: Province pardons Desmond. Viola Desmond pardon. (2013, October 18). It is an extraordinary remedy and is considered only  in the rarest of circumstances. It is an extraordinary remedy and is considered only  in the rarest of circumstances. In 2010, Viola Desmond was granted a free pardon by the Province of Nova Scotia, thus acknowledging her innocence. The government of Nova Scotia apologized and granted a special pardon Thursday to the late Viola Desmond, a black woman jailed in 1946 for sitting in a whites-only section of a segregated movie theatre. WATCH: NDP leader Gary Burrill gives a virtual tour of the Nova Scotia Legislature. © Copyright 2021 The Globe and Mail Inc. All rights reserved. The Nova Scotian government officially pardoned and issued an apology to Canadian civil rights icon Viola Desmond in a ceremony April 15, 2010, attended by Premier Darrell Dexter and Minister of Justice Landry Ross. But she was forcibly removed from the theatre by police, jailed and fined. Viola Desmond was arrested at a movie theater for sitting in a seat designated for white people. On 14 April 2010, Lieutenant Governor Mayann Francis posthumously pardoned Viola Desmond, whose 1946 tax evasion conviction was the result of a racist policy. In 1946, Viola Desmond was wrongfully arrested for sitting in a whites-only section of a movie theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Retrieved from. Change ), In the 1960’s, Viola Desmond was just one of the numerous people who was wronged by the racist actions of the 20th century. PARDON ME! We aim to create a safe and valuable space for discussion and debate. When Viola insisted on sitting in a floor seat when having purchased a balcony ticket, the Province of Nova Scotia had lost out on all of ONE PENNY in tax. Viola Desmond was a businesswoman from Halifax who was traveling to Cape Breton on a business trip on November 8, 1946. In 2010, the Nova Scotia Government recognized this gross miscarriage of justice and posthumously granted her a free pardon. Desmond’s honours continued in 2018, when she was selected to appear on Canada’s $10 banknote. In addition to being a badass, Viola Desmond was also clearly a woman of class and style. In 2010, when she was Governor General of Nova Scotia, Mayann Francis granted a formal pardon to Viola Desmond. Nova Scotia has apologized and granted a pardon to Viola Desmond, a black woman who was convicted for sitting in a whites-only section of a movie theatre in 1946. Read our, I'm a print subscriber, link to my account, Avoid the use of toxic and offensive language. In Canada, pardons are of different types; Desmond was granted a ‘free pardon’ under […] Viola Desmond was born on July 6, 1914, in Halifax, Nova Scotia. NEW GLASGOW – The Viola Desmond Art Display adorning the exterior of the former Roseland Theatre is heading into its next and final stage of completion.. The free pardon, an extraordinary remedy granted under the Royal Prerogative of Mercyonly in the rarest of circumstances and the first one granted posthumously, differs from a simple pardon in that it is based on innocence and recognizes that a conviction was in error. Younger sister Wanda came to receive a special pardon from the government of Nova Scotia. In March 2018, MacGillivray Injury and Insurance Law established the Protest Art Contest, calling for artists of all ages to submit artwork inspired by Viola Desmond’s act of protest at the building in 1946. Mrs. Desmond passed away in 1965. Viola Desmond was a teacher and an entrepreneur. Well, the tax on her purchased balcony seat was 2 cents, but the tax on the floor seat she purchased was 3 cents. The government of Nova Scotia apologized and granted a special pardon Thursday to the late Viola Desmond, a black woman jailed in 1946 for sitting in a … In 1946, Viola Desmond was wrongfully arrested for sitting in a whites-only section of a movie theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Photo: Bank of Canada. A free pardon is based on innocence and recognizes that a conviction was in error. In 2010, Viola Desmond was the first person to be granted a posthumous pardon in Canada. Viola Desmond pardon. What makes the apology and pardon all the sweeter for family members of Viola Desmond is the exoneration of Canada's first civil rights activist, a … In Canada, the National Parole Board reviews pardon requests. Comments that violate our community guidelines will not be posted. In 2010, the Nova Scotia Government recognized this gross miscarriage of justice and posthumously granted her a free pardon. Viola Desmond pardon. She was only about 4 and a half feet tall weighing around a hundred pounds. On April 15, 2010, the premier of Nova Scotia granted Viola Desmond a free pardon, acknowledging her innocence. The New Glasgow theatre, where almost 75 years ago Viola Desmond was famously arrested for sitting in a white section, is now adorned with art honouring her. On the advice of the Executive Council, the lieutenant governor has exercised the Royal Prerogative of Mercy to grant a Free Pardon. The Nova Scotia government will apologize and grant a pardon to the late Viola Desmond — considered the province's Rosa Parks. The justness of Desmond’s cause was officially recognized in 2010, when the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia posthumously pardoned her, removing her conviction from the historical record. Anyway, it was sort of a big deal as I and many others consider her a heroine and the pardon is something her family and many others have been fighting for for quite some time. If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to letters@globeandmail.com. Becoming the New Face of the $10 Bill The first ‘Nova Scotia Heritage Day,’ celebrated in February 2015, was dedicated to her. 70 years later, through the acts of her sister Wanda Robson, and a supportive community, she’s been granted a posthumous pardon, commemorated on a Canadian stamp, and dons the face of … ( Log Out /  Desmond’s story, long unknown to most Canadians, is now becoming more familiar. Link/Page Citation [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] ... of--refusing to sit in the black section of a segregated cinema--but it took 64 years for the town of New Glasgow to pardon Desmond. HEROISM IN THE FIGHT FOR RACIAL EQUALITY - VIOLA DESMOND When I think about our great land of Canada and how black Canadians have helped to define Canada’s diverse heritage and identity through their achievements and contributions, which ultimately benefits the broader society, I can’t help but think about Viola Desmond. If my parents were here today, it would warm their hearts to see Viola recognized as a true Canadian hero.”. The pardon, accompanied by a public declaration and apology from Premier Darrell Dexter. "This injustice has impacted not just Mrs. Desmond during her life and her family, but other African-Nova Scotians and all Nova Scotians who found and continue to find this event in Nova Scotia's history offensive and intolerable," Mr. Dexter said. The pardon, accompanied by a public declaration and apology from Premier Darrell Dexter. Desmond took a stand and although her court case was unsuccessful the aftermath of the fight had a “direct effect on the quest for racial equality in the province.”1. (CONTRIBUTED) VISIONARY, entrepreneur, pioneer and Canadian hero. Mrs. Desmond passed away in 1965. Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter . ‎In 1946, Viola Desmond was wrongfully arrested for sitting in a whites-only section of a movie theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. In 2015, Robson said in an interview with the Cape Breton Post that of all the honours bestowed upon Desmond, the pardon of her conviction was the most important because it was evidence that she had done nothing wrong. Those words were used at Province House on Thursday to describe the late Viola Desmond as the Nova Scotia government … "This is contrary to the values of Canadian society.". This is also an opportunity for us to acknowledge the incredibly brave actions of a woman who took a stand against racism and segregation”, “ This closes an erroneous chapter in the history of this province and allows a new one to begin; I am confident that the case of Mrs. Viola Desmond will be the focus of scholarly and human rights research for years to come. Desmond took a stand and although her court case was unsuccessful the aftermath of the fight had a “direct effect on the quest for racial equality in the province.”, Decades later, on April 15 2010, Viola Desmond was granted a free pardon by Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis at a ceremony in Halifax. Mrs. Desmond, of Halifax, was an African Canadian wrongfully jailed and fined in 1946 for sitting in the white peoples’ section of a New Glasgow movie theatre. Decades later, on April 15 2010, Viola Desmond was granted a free pardon by Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis at a ceremony in Halifax. Today, Canadians are still recognizing the influence of Viola Desmond's bravery and ability to stand up for what is right. Why you ask? Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. Gov. ( Log Out /  As a young woman, she dreamed of opening a beauty salon, but discovered that Nova Scotia beauty schools did not accept Black students. It will appear on the next $ 10 bills. In 1946, Viola Desmond was dragged out of a cinema in New Glasgow for refusing to leave the section that management reserved for whites. Thank you for your patience. On April 14, 2010, the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, Mayann Francis, on the advice of her premier, invoked the Royal Prerogative and granted Viola Desmond a posthumous free pardon, the first such to be granted in Canada. Canadian businesswoman Viola Desmond was a beautician and a mentor to young black women through her beauty school in the province of Nova Scotia.She is perhaps best remembered, however, for refusing to move from a … On Nov. 8, 1946, a businesswoman named Viola Desmond was en route to Sydney, N.S., for a meeting when her car broke down in New Glasgow. Canadian businesswoman Viola Desmond was a beautician and a mentor to young black women through her beauty school in the province of Nova Scotia. Viola Desmond's Canada : a history of blacks and racial segregation in the promised land / Graham Reynolds with Wanda Robson. On April 14, 2010, the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, Mayann Francis, on the advice of her premier, invoked the Royal Prerogative and granted Viola Desmond a posthumous free pardon, the first such to be granted in Canada. Viola Desmond Public School is a dual track elementary school named after after Canadian civil rights activist Viola Desmond and is located in the City of Vaughan at the intersection of Farrell Road and Via Romano Boulevard. Listed above, are quotes from the day Viola Desmond was granted her Public Pardon. Desmond’s free pardon is the first time a free pardon has been posthumously granted in Canada, Bingham, R. (2013, January 23). Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. A natural companion title to studies of Rosa Parks, and a valuable resource for Black History Month, Canadian history and social studies teachers. Retrieved from, http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/viola-desmond/, https://novascotia.ca/news/smr/2010-04-15-pardon.asp. nking@cbpost.com. Wanda Robson, Ms. Desmond's 83-year-old sister, looked on. In 2010, the Nova Scotia Government recognized this gross miscarriage of justice and posthumously granted her a free pardon. The Viola Desmond Art Display can now be seen on the exterior of the former Roseland Theatre and is heading into its next, and final stage, of completion. Viola Desmond - formal apology issued and pardoned adgal. Racial discrimination was never formally acknowledged in her lifetime. The story of her courageous refusal to accept an act of racial discrimination provided inspiration to a later generation of Blacks in Nova Scotia and in the rest of Canada. She went to the Roseland Theatre in New Glasgow, N.S., while it was being repaired. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Viola Desmond (1914 - 1965) was a Canadian Black Nova Scotian businesswoman who challenged racial segregation at the Roseland Theatre in New Glasgow, NS, in 1946 when she refused to leave the whites-only area. Desmond’s free pardon is the first time a free pardon has been posthumously granted in Canada2. For those unfamiliar with Canadian … Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. 351 King Street East, Suite 1600, Toronto, ON Canada, M5A 0N1, Just $1.99 per week for the first 24 weeks, var select={root:".js-sub-pencil",control:".js-sub-pencil-control",open:"o-sub-pencil--open",closed:"o-sub-pencil--closed"},dom={},allowExpand=!0;function pencilInit(o){var e=arguments.length>1&&void 0!==arguments[1]&&arguments[1];select.root=o,dom.root=document.querySelector(select.root),dom.root&&(dom.control=document.querySelector(select.control),dom.control.addEventListener("click",onToggleClicked),setPanelState(e),window.addEventListener("scroll",onWindowScroll),dom.root.removeAttribute("hidden"))}function isPanelOpen(){return dom.root.classList.contains(select.open)}function setPanelState(o){dom.root.classList[o?"add":"remove"](select.open),dom.root.classList[o? RELATED: Viola Desmond: Five other honours to commemorate her courage. Wanda Robson, left, recalls how her sister Viola Desmond, right, would have been so proud to learn of the province’s free pardon granted to her in 2010. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Six of those dollars were awarded to th… A free pardon is an extraordinary remedy and is considered only in the rarest of circumstances. In 2010, the Nova Scotia Government recognized this gross miscarriage of justice and posthumously granted her a free pardon. ( Log Out /  On April 14, 2010, the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, Mayann Francis, on the advice of Premier Darrell Dexter, invoked the Royal Prerogative and granted Desmond a posthumous free pardon, the first to be granted in Canada. In 2010, however, Viola Desmond was granted a free pardon by the governor of Nova Scotia. This Scotian was arrested and fined in 1946 because she was sitting in a restricted section for blacks in New Glasgow cinema. Decades later, on April 15 2010, Viola Desmond was granted a free pardon by Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis at a ceremony in Halifax. Mayann Francis at a ceremony in Halifax. Inspirational Woman, activist, entrepreneur, In the 1960’s, Viola Desmond was just one of the numerous people who was wronged by the racist actions of the 20th century. Some information in it may no longer be current. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Minister of African Nova Scotian Affairs and Economy and Rural Development Percy Paris said “ With this pardon, we acknowledging the wrongdoing orth past,” and” we are reinforcing  our stance that discrimination and hate will not be tolerated.” As the legacy of Viola continues to inspire people to stand up for what you believe in, Percy Paris’ message will resonate throughout Canada. And so that’s where this story leaves off. I thought some of you might find this interesting, even though it's a Canadian piece of news. Viola desmond pardoned. Even though she had indicated when she was confronted at the theatre that she was willing to pay the difference between the two ticket prices and that her offer had been refused, the judge chose to fine her $26. The government of Nova Scotia apologized and granted a special pardon Thursday to the late Viola Desmond, a black woman jailed in 1946 for sitting in … Ms. Desmond, then 32, was on her way to Sydney, N.S., on Nov. 8, 1946, to sell imported beauty products when her car broke down. Just picture in your mind for a moment the image of a couple of white cops picking up this well dressed, well mannered young black women and then forcibly dragging her from the theatre. Viola Desmond, in full Viola Irene Desmond, née Davis, (born July 6, 1914, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada—died February 7, 1965, New York, New York, U.S.), Canadian businesswoman and civil libertarian who built a career as a beautician and was a mentor to young Black women in Nova Scotia through her Desmond School of Beauty Culture. The Nova Scotia government will apologize and grant a pardon to the late Viola Desmond — considered the province's Rosa Parks. It is a historic Moment for Nova Scotia and for Canada, and I am proud to be a part of it”, “What happened to my sister is part of our history and needs to remain intact. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. After being derailed as a result of vehicle issues, she decided to take in a show at the Roseland Theatre in downtown New Glasgow. Viola Desmond’s story is essential knowledge in the history of Nova Scotia and Canada. Most Canadians are aware of Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat on a racially segregated bus in Alabama, but Viola Desmond’s act of resistance occurred nine years earlier. On April 14, 2010, the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, Mayann Francis, on the advice of her premier, invoked the Royal Prerogative and granted Viola Desmond a posthumous free pardon, the first such to be granted in Canada. Her actions brought attention to racial discrimination in Nova Scotia and in Canada. She refused to move and was arrested for 12 hours in jail. The Viola Desmond pardon "marked the first time in Canada such a form of clemency has been posthumously awarded." Nova Scotia Premier Darrell Dexter greets Wanda Robson in New Glasgow, N.S., on Thursday, April 15. She is perhaps best remembered, however, for refusing to move from a whites-only section of a public movie theater in 1946. Viola refused to leave and was dragged out by the police. A free pardon is based on innocence and recognizes that a conviction was in error. Most Canadians are aware of Rosa… "In 1946, a Black Halifax businesswoman, Viola Desmond, was wrongfully arrested for sitting in a white's-only section of a movie theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. The pardon, accompanied by a public declaration and apology from Premier Darrell Dexter, recognized that Desmond’s conviction had been a miscarriage of justice and that charges should never have been filed. Viola Desmond. TG. Francis, herself a … And then even bigger things happened when it was announced that Viola Desmond would be on the $10 bill in Canada. In 1946, Viola Desmond was wrongfully arrested for sitting in a whites-only section of a movie theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/28137629-viola-desmond-s-canada Those words were used at Province House on Thursday to describe the late Viola Desmond as the Nova Scotia government officially apologized and pardoned her. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. In 2010, the Nova Scotia Government recognized this gross miscarriage of justice and posthumously granted her a free pardon. "The arrest, detainment and conviction of Viola Desmond is an example in our history where the law was used to perpetrate racism and racial segregation," Dexter said. Ms. Robson's sister Viola Desmond was posthumously pardoned for her 1946 arrest. The Viola Desmond Chair in Social Justice was established at Cape Breton University in 2010, and two years later Canada Post issued a postage stamp bearing her image. Desmond took a stand and although her court case was unsuccessful the aftermath of the fight had a “direct effect on the quest for racial equality in the province.” 1. ABOUT VIOLA DESMOND • Lived: 1914-1965 https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/viola-desmond-40917.php Desmond's sister Wanda Robson was present during the respective ceremony and stated she was "numb with joy" at the prospect of her sister receiving what she deserved. A press release from the Nova Scotia Premiere’s office read in part: “The province has granted an official apology and free pardon to the late Viola Desmond. The pardon was the result of the hard work of Viola's sister, who had advocated for the cause for nearly a decade prior. More than 60 years ago, Desmond, a black Halifax beautician, was jailed and fined for sitting in the whites-only section of a New Glasgow movie theatre. That means: If you do not see your comment posted immediately, it is being reviewed by the moderation team and may appear shortly, generally within an hour. April will mark the first anniversary of a historic event in the legal annals of Nova Scotia. Facebook account be featured on the Canadian 10-dollar Bill beginning circulation in late 2018 leader Gary Burrill gives virtual! It is an extraordinary remedy and is considered only in the rarest circumstances... A formal pardon to David Milgaard so we do not repeat it if my parents were here today, are! //Www.Thecanadianencyclopedia.Ca/En/Article/Viola-Desmond/, https: //novascotia.ca/news/smr/2010-04-15-pardon.asp: a history of Nova Scotia Government recognized this gross miscarriage of justice and granted... Entrepreneur, pioneer and Canadian hero pardon by the province of Nova.. Longer be current the Royal Prerogative of Mercy to grant a free pardon public pardon space where subscribers engage! 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