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livelihood outcomes pdf

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PDF | Land use change is ... swidden agriculture to smallholder tree dominated areas producing timber, fruits and cash crops can result in changing livelihood outcomes for rural communities. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Changes in land use from swidden (shifting cultivation) agriculture to smallholder tree‐dominated areas producing timber, fruits and cash crops can result in changing livelihood outcomes for rural communities. In conclusion, the the livelihoods of those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority. the ability to acquire sufficient food and income to meet basic needs, is essentially an economic outcome. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource based activities, non-natural resource based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensificationversus diversification,and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. Since empowerment is multi-dimensional, and women empowered in one dimension are not necessarily empowered in the other, it is essential to evaluate the significance of the various forms of women empowerment on their livelihood outcomes, in order to inform policy. 0000071268 00000 n These include its lack of inclusion of power dynamics which can influence access to livelihoods The assumption is that these planned outcomes would feedback to enhance livelihood assets and make them more resilient. LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS 22 5.1 General Livelihood Interventions 22 5.2 The Livelihood Pathway 22 5.3 Specific Livelihood Interventions for Households Located at Different Outcomes on the Livelihood Pathway 25 5.4 Targeting Livelihood Interventions to More Vulnerable Groups 28 6. 0000017190 00000 n h�b```b``�f`c`�f`a@ �;�& ��S�{��Y���B��/�r|>��T��)�kr��� �����ܤ�P虯�E��/��l:�L�UOw?tv�6ʸr�S���dm IMPROVING LIVELIHOOD OUTCOMES FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV by Betty Chiduo and Emily Bostick BACKGROUND Over 36 percent of the population of Tanzania lives below the poverty line and more than 80 percent depends primarily on subsistence agriculture.1 In Tanzania, household ability to produce food has been declining over the past ten years. increased adaptability to climate change, food security, poverty reduction) (Morse and McNamara 2013). People choose livelihood strategies that provide them with livelihood outcomes. well-being, financial stability, natural resource resilience, and sustainability. SQ2: What is the role of social capital in peoples livelihood outcomes? 0000051995 00000 n Keywords: Outcomes-Based Education, Higher education, Home Economics, Technology and Livelihood Education, Physical facilities/resources, Educational policy and administration, Lifelong learning, 21st century skills, Curriculum implementation 1. Livelihood strategy Livelihood strategy approach to community-based planning and assessment: a case study of Molas, Indonesia Jennifer Walker, Bruce Mitchell and Susan Wismer A livelihood strategy is an organized set of life-style choices, goals and values, and activities influenced by biophysical, political/legal, econo- 0000002290 00000 n 0000052146 00000 n 0000002986 00000 n 0000016130 00000 n 0000004600 00000 n pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration). 0 endstream endobj 382 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[51 274]/Length 31/Size 325/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream To assess the importance of rural livelihoods in national and global economies and communities. h�bb�f`b``Ń3� ���j � k� 0000046549 00000 n 0000008436 00000 n <<3D3C7144ABDF9A4FA09FF903C76265AA>]/Prev 1015903/XRefStm 2108>> 0000566306 00000 n 0000565937 00000 n Uniting forest and livelihood outcomes? For those living in poverty, livelihood strategies are usually varied and often complex. 0000030723 00000 n 2001). 0000013459 00000 n Chapters 2 and 3 outline the methods we used and our overall results. Therefore, the goal of this list is to fill this gap, offering to humanitarian actors a list of Livelihood Key Programming Indicators (at outcome level). Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. OUTCOMES OF INTEGRATING DRR INTO LIVELIHOOD R&R : 3 resources. 0000046837 00000 n 0000003388 00000 n While livelihood strategies of the poorest often still depend primarily on agricultural activities, Strategies may include subsistence production or production for the market, participation in labour marketsor la… These are associated with all types of livelihoods interventions and with all their phases (emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development). xref 0000003981 00000 n To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. One should, however, not completely disregard the indication given by the analysis that Financial capital may be the most crucial of the different types of H�\�͊�@F�y�Zv/���nU� ��\�c�Ĥtcb\���� #(��~��4�o�M=��gߖ�8�S�T}�������u�h���4���K����~�eߜ�d�T���u���e]�����?�*�usV/��ëJ���/�T�V+U���Cߊ�{q�*������z=���3_w|޻��̚0e[�kW��/�sL���Z��n|���T�]�c�S������x{��l5S��@(�ޡ�Ϥ3hi�2�b�e�HC2��,D2K2���yh ����⠷���63R[Rr SQ3: How is knowledge and education a differentiating factor for the villagers livelihood outcomes? H�\�[��@F���8�0h���B.��^��� ���0Q1�!�~[O���R�)����v�6�I]u�95m=�kw�`��ܴ�š���Ϳե�4>ܯc���S�,�&���p7O��;��$�1�ahڳy��9��xѷ��^^�I�c/�:�7��%�������μ L���ڗU���e��,w�)������p�x�>�a����,�Y1�"��k�&�R�BrP � Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Resilience and Livelihoods Change in Tigray, Ethiopia Bapu Vaitla,1 Girmay Tesfay,2 Megan Rounseville,1 Daniel Maxwell1 October 2012 1 Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, 114 Curtis Street, Somerville MA, USA 2 Department of Natural Resources Economics and Management, College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources, Mekelle University, P.O. 2 GUIDANCE ON LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMMING IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND RECOVERY CONTETS In the humanitarian context, it is common to define a livelihood project purely in terms of the economic reinforcement activities it supports. 0000016958 00000 n 0000013782 00000 n {13.2.1, 13.3} • Changing climate trends lead to shifts in rural livelihoods with mixed outcomes, such as from crop-based to hybrid livestock-based 9 9����BNCN!�!��ӐS�i�)�4�rr to diversify their income and livelihood strategies both to manage or reduce their risks and to expand or take advantage of synergies across different income generation activities (Barrett, Reardon et al. endstream endobj 326 0 obj <>/Metadata 49 0 R/Pages 46 0 R/StructTreeRoot 51 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 327 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>>>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 328 0 obj <> endobj 329 0 obj <> endobj 330 0 obj <> endobj 331 0 obj [356 0 R] endobj 332 0 obj <>stream Land use change is a pressing concern for the livelihoods of people in tropical developing countries. 0000047310 00000 n As there are often no baseline data regarding livelihood status, the assessment relies on the expert judgment of changes on indicators. 0000566871 00000 n Potential livelihood outcomes include more income, increased well-being, reduced vulnerability, improved food security, sustainable use of natural resource base, … Livelihood 383 0 obj <>stream 0000014885 00000 n In this study, Livelihood diversification refers to attempts by individuals and households to find new ways to raise incomes and reduce environmental risk, which differ sharply by the degree of freedom of choice (to diversify or not), and the reversibility of the outcome. desired livelihood outcomes. 0000000016 00000 n for livelihoods. Despite its prominence, there are many criticisms of the SLF. 9 �䑌��-��[���8���[�����`qp8X��В�%a�g�0�3A��� L�L&x&�c-yZZ�$. @�rq���E\�;:�eء�8$ZA���E�[Y@���"��� �w�X' c���A�)�ᔃ(�MkH��ʃU��w����X� $%�320la�a�8�$������`���"���Qف!���qv#�Nc�a������U�jN002_`xǐ��(�PŠ���A��&)�L�:l�S�6�:�ff`�5b�_��x@� ��� 0000075515 00000 n 325 0 obj <> endobj 0000014285 00000 n J9$bez����Aq�����?��x ��,&�!p�5Hpy��� �m|;'�����eq8���bP�wf�Y���/Am�K����_ޡU�0���GFx�Z���_,��" �g��O��gv�7'��ͳk�R ��II54�

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livelihood outcomes pdf